The Effects of Improper Rubbish Removal and Garbage Disposal 

Many people mindlessly tossing items into the trash every day. People don’t seem to care whether or not what they did has an impact on the environment. But instead of throwing things away, recycling should be everyone’s second nature. The implementation of proper recycling techniques should be integrated into everyone’s lifestyle as doing so is a positive step towards helping the environment.  


Statistics show that over a billion tons of trash are produced all over the world every year, with less than 25% of them are recycled. Around 75% of the trash ends up in landfills or are incinerated. Some even end up in ditches and on the roadside. Improper rubbish removal and garbage disposal is a serious threat to nature. Here’s how the problem affects people: 

  1. Soil Contamination

It is very important for everyone to learn the basics of recycling so that common household trash won’t always end up in landfills. Metals, papers, and plastics can still be recycled at a local recycling center. If everyone simply takes the time to send recyclable items to these recycling plants, then the items can still be reused. They won’t end up sitting in the landfill, decaying and producing methane gas that hurt the environment.  

Recyclables placed on the ground potentially contaminate the soil as well. When plastic water bottles break down, they release DEHA, which is a type of carcinogen that may cause liver problems, reproductive issues, and unexplained weight loss. Such chemical may leach into the soil and eventually cause contamination that affects plant and animal life. The chemical may also run into the water sources can cause an epidemic. On the other hand, newspapers or any type of paper that contains ink are toxic to the soil as well. If they are dumped improperly or were not properly contained in a landfill, then they will also contaminate the soil around it.  

  1. Air Contamination

The disposal of a certain garbage can also affect the air that we breathe. Some trash contains chemicals such as acids, oil, and bleach. All of these should be disposed of properly, preferably in approved containers and then labeled correctly. In the same way, plastics and paper that are burned will also contaminate the air.  

Over time, these chemicals build up in the ozone layer and destroy it. And in case that the toxic chemical dioxin contaminates the air that we breathe, then the health of the public is at risk. As what was stated earlier, improperly disposed garbage release methane gases, which is a greenhouse gas that destroys the earth’s ozone layer. It also contributes to climate change and global warming. 

  1. Decreased Quality of Animal and Marine Life

Improper garbage disposal doesn’t only affect humans but plants and animals as well. Dumping garbage in the sewer may threaten marine life and all the other animals that may come in contact with the water. Wastes may also form an algal bloom or cluster, which can suffocate and contaminate corals and fish, thereby significantly reducing their population because the contamination will destroy their habitat. This will eventually affect humans because they consume fish and shellfish that were poisoned by the trash.